The Sharing Cities project
There is also Kiunsys among the partners of the European Project Sharing Cities (SCC-01-2015) that has London as leading city and concerns Milan and Lisbon, plus three other “follower” cities (Bordeaux, Burgas and Warsaw) that will replicate the models proposed by the three lighthouse cities.
Sharing Cities has an ambitious goal: to create innovative and replicable approaches and solutions to reduce the carbon emissions of buildings and means of transport, improving air quality. For the City of Milan, Sharing Cities includes the testing of innovative Smart Parking services in collaboration with Kiunsys.
The Smart Parking pilot intends to experiment with innovative services to reduce the time spent searching for available places, relieving traffic congestion, optimizing the use of car parks, significantly reducing pollutants and encouraging the use of electric vehicles. Indeed, recent studies show that ca. 30% of urban traffic is generated by those looking for parking and approx. 52% of motorists renounce to go downtown because of the difficulty in finding parking.
The Smart Parking pilot
The experimentation involves the installation of 125 parking sensors on as many parking bays of various types (bays for electric vehicles, e-car sharing, disabled, loading and unloading goods, paid bays) to detect the state of occupation. In addition, powered by data from sensors and specific algorithms, a mobile application for an infoparking service will guide citizens to available places, helping to reduce the time spent searching for parking, and, where provided, will allow the parking payment. Finally, a specific platform will allow the Municipality to collect and analyze data from sensors and vehicles for a more efficient management of the on-street parking, allowing to verify the correct use of spaces and increasing the assessment of the violations for a greater protection of those entitled. All this will obviously be made available in the form of open data and open services to ensure integration with the overall project platform and with other systems already used by the Municipality, such as the E015 platform developed for Expo. In this way the solution will be open and can be used by third-party applications and services.
The Smart Parking Advantages
The proposed action foresees consequences in terms of urban traffic fluidification and congestion reduction in the pilot area, with consequent reduction of polluting emissions due to traffic (CO2 but also other pollutants such as sulphates, hydrocarbons, PM10, PM5, noise, etc.) . Numerous advantages for both the city and its citizens:
Public bodies and decision-makers:
- real-time analysis and statistics on the occupation status of the parking
- data for a smarter planning of urban mobility, parking and pricing policies
- optimization of parking availability
- traffic reduction
- improvement of the quality of life for citizens and tourists
- reduction of CO2 emissions, sulfates, hydrocarbons, PM10, PM5, noise
- increase in control capacity
- optimization of the productivity of the law enforcement officers
Motorists (citizens and companies):
- knowledge of available parking spaces
- time reduction for parking search
- reduction of illegal use of bays by non-entitled persons
- optimization of the routes to reach the electric vehicle charging stations with time and battery savings
More revenues, less pollution
Based on available data and market analysis, it is possible to hypothesize quantitative estimates on the desired impacts.
Regarding the optimization of the parking use, analysis and studies suggest that in one hour a bay is typically used for only 45 minutes, with a 15-minute improvement margin that typically is recovered in about eight minutes. With an average of € 2 per hour, the average additional revenue is in the order of € 400 per year, which is equivalent to additional revenues of € 4 million per year on 10,000 regulated parking spaces.
With reference to the reduction of CO2 emissions, the European average of 15 minutes for the search for parking in a metropolis of one million inhabitants produces 2,300 tons of CO2 per day. The use of smart parking solutions with a reduction in search time of just 3 minutes – that is from 15 minutes to 12 minutes – produces a saving of 481 tons of CO2 per day, with a double impact compared to that of the others green systems.